Knowledge of Bronchial Asthma Management among PHC Physicians in Qassim Region
Keywords:Age, PHC Physicians, FM Residents, Bronchial asthma knowledge.
Background: Asthma is a major but remediable global health problem. The prevalence of asthma in Saudi
Arabian adults is 4.05 % and 8% - 25% in Saudi children. Most of the bronchial asthma care is provided
by primary health care (PHC) physicians. Thus, the knowledge of the systemic nature of the disease of
these physicians should be assessed. Objectives: To evaluate the theoretical knowledge of bronchial asthma
management of primary health care physicians and family medicine residents in ArRass, Unayzah and
Buraydah city. Methodology: A crosssectional study was conducted among PHCCs physicians of the largest
three cities of Qassim region including FM residents’ level 2 and 4. A self-administered questionnaire updated
and redesigned according to SINA guidelines was used to evaluate theoretical knowledge of Bronchial
asthma. Scoring was established and collected data was analysed and necessary statistical tests were applied.
Results: Females physicians were 50.6% and 53% of the physicians were worked in Buraydah. 63% of the
study participants from General practitioners and only 5.9% of them have good knowledge in managing BA.
67.9% of the males had poor knowledge compare to females approximately 32.1%. The knowledge of the
residents was better than that of the PHC physicians. Conclusions: Based on study results, in general the
knowledge of bronchial asthma management was little less than an expected general practitioner knowledge