Knowledge and Practices Regarding Biomedical Waste Management among Health Care Workers of Tertiary Care Hospitals of Meerut, U.P.
Keywords:Biomedical waste management, hospital, medical professionals
Background: The biomedical waste management and handling rules have been notified in 1998. The rules
were amended twice in 2000, primarily to address administrative matters. The rule makes it mandatory for
the health care establishments to segregate, disinfect and dispose their waste in an eco-friendly manner.
An important pre-requisite and key to successful waste management program is segregation which is the
separation of different types of waste as per treatment and disposal option. Segregation and collection of
various categories of waste should be done at the source, in separate containers so that each category is
treated in a suitable manner to render it harmless. For waste management to be effective, the waste should
be managed at every step, from acquisition to disposal.1
Material & Method: Across-sectional study was conducted from January-December 2016 among HCWs
of tertiary-care hospitals of Meerut. Simple random sampling was used for the selection of hospitals. Data
was analyzed using SPSS-19 and Chi-square test.
Findings: 96.2% of HCWs had correct knowledge and practice related to category-1,8 BMW, 70-80%
HCWs had correct knowledge and practices for category-2,3,4,5,9,10.Categories 6,7 knowledge (86.9%)
and correct practice (87.9%). HCWs (67.5%) having correct knowledge regarding point of segregation of
BMW and practice, 21.0% of the HCWs who had incorrect knowledge and practice.
Conclusion: The knowledge regarding BMW was found to be satisfactory in all the HCWs except for IV
class workers. Similarly practices regarding BMW were also found to be satisfactory in all the HCWs but
lower for IV class workers.