A Comparative Study of Carotid Artery Intima Media Thickness in Hypertensive Smokers and Non-Hypertensive Smokers
Keywords:Hypertension, cIMT, Cardiovascular disease
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death globally. In 2017-18, Non-communicable
diseases led to 38 million (68%) deaths out of a total of 56 million deaths worldwide. India is currently in
the midst of this global Cardiovascular Disease epidemic.
Method: Case-control study
Aim of the Study: To compare carotid artery intima-media thickness(cIMT) in Hypertensive smokers and
smokers without Hypertension.
Result: Mean value of cIMT of the Case group (0.970mm) was significantly higher than that of the Control
group (0.735mm). Mean cIMT was highest in the study group i.e 1.114 mm in the population of age above
70 years, similarly Mean cIMT was highest in the control group i.e. 0.821mm in the population of age above
Conclusion: The present study and its observations makes it imminent that Hypertension affects every cIMT
measurement of the study subjects. cIMT measurement has a positive correlation with the increasing age.