Role of Ultrasonography in Thyroid Nodules with Pathological Correlation
Keywords:High resolution ultrasonography, multinodular, thyroid
Introduction: Thyroid nodule imaging had been a challenging task. Ultrasound has been the modality of
choice for detection & evaluation of these lesions. This study was done to identify the accuracy of various
imaging features in thyroid nodules that are associated with benignity and malignancy and the overall
accuracy of ultrasound in determining malignant nodules.
Objective: Ultrasonographic evaluation of thyroid to characterize the thyroid disease and nodules(benign vs
malignant) and their morphologic evaluation .
Materials and Method: A total of Seventy patients (70) of both sexes and different age group, meeting
the inclusion criterion, were the part of present prospective study. The cases referred to the Department
of Radio-diagnosis and imaging from OPD/IPD of Saraswathi Institute of Medical sciences, Hapur from
October’2017 to July’2019. An informed consent was taken from all the patients subjected for evaluation.
Results: The collective data was analysed for Ultrasound findings of thyroid nodule which presented
clinically as solitary or multiple thyroid nodules. The total number of cases analysed was 70 out of which
48 were found to have solitary/multinodular lesions clincally. On ultrasound evaluation out of 48 patients
38 had solitary/multinodular lesions.
Conclusion: High resolution sonography is recommended as the primary imaging modality in evaluation of
thyroid diseases. It has a high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of thyroid diseases.