Effect of Indian Classical Instrumental Music on Stress and Anxiety in Male Medical Students

Authors

  • Prashant Bhatnagar1 , Manju Lata Arya2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v8i3.1331

Keywords:

Stress, anxiety, young male medical students, music therapy.

Abstract

Introduction: Medical professionals, especially medical students face a lot of stress and anxiety due to

various challenges at personal and professional levels. Stress and anxiety affect their health and well-being

and causes mental disturbance. Blood pressure, heart rate, and other biochemical parameters show an

abnormal rise due to stress and anxiety. Music therapy using Indian classical instrumental music can help

relieve this stress and anxiety and bring the biochemical parameters to normal levels.

Aim: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the immediate and short term effects of Indian

classical instrumental music on stress and anxiety using both qualitative and quantitative measurements on

male medical students.

Materials and Method: Fifty-six (56) healthy male medical students aged between 17-25 years were

selected from Rajkiya Medical College, Jalaun (Uttar Pradesh), for a month-long music therapy which

included listening to Indian classical instrumental music every day for thirty minutes. ADSS questionnaire,

salivary cortisol, blood pressure, heart rate, and lipid profile other required parameters were recorded twice,

once at baseline and another after one month of music therapy.

Results: Post music therapy values revealed a significant decrease in ADSS score anxiety (4.36 ±1.39 v/s

3.36 ± 1.20 p<0.0001), depression (3.14 ± 1.70 v/s 2.23 ± 1.50, p<0.0001) Stress (4.54±1.91 v/s 3.39±1.77,

p<0.0001) Salivary cortisol (4.04±1.39 v/s 3.33±1.35, p<0.0001). Further, a significant decrease was

recorded in systolic blood pressure (122.53 ± 5.24 v/s 120.86 ± 2.50, p 0.0005) diastolic Blood Pressure

(82.75 ± 5.36 v/s 80.82±1.74, p=0.0045) and heart rate (73.43±3.09 v/s 71.99±1.15, p<0.0001).

Conclusion: The findings of the present study showed that listening to Indian classical instrumental music

notably reduces salivary cortisol, blood pressure, heart rate, respiration rate, blood glucose, and lipid profile,

and helps to relieve stress and anxiety in male medical students. However, further studies on a larger

population are required to make a general policy to facilitate the better mental health of medical students.

Author Biography

Prashant Bhatnagar1 , Manju Lata Arya2

1 Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Physiology, Rama Medical College, Hospital & Research Center, Kanpur, Uttar

Pradesh, 2Professor, Department of Physiology, Rama Medical College, Hospital & Research Center, Kanpur,

Uttar Pradesh

Published

2020-07-22

How to Cite

Prashant Bhatnagar1 , Manju Lata Arya2. (2020). Effect of Indian Classical Instrumental Music on Stress and Anxiety in Male Medical Students. International Journal of Physiology, 8(3), 66-73. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v8i3.1331