Assessment of Hormonal Essay in Non-Obstructive and Obstructive Subject in Central India
Keywords:Infertility, Obstructive and non- Obstructive azoospermia,Gonadotropic hormone FSH and LH, Spermatogenesis.
Infertility is slowly become major issue for married fertile couple in India. Now a days due to availability of
many techniques and tests we came to know that male partner is equally contributed for infertility. The term
“Azoospermia” is defined as the complete absence of sperm in the ejaculate, is identified in approximately
1% of all men and in 10 to 15% of infertile males. The various causes of infertility include disturbances in
both partners (26%),disturbances in female partner (39%) and disturbances in the male (20%). No identifiable
cause was found in 15% of cases. Around 1.5% azoospermic infertile male attributed to obstruction of the
excurrent genital tract. In this study we focus on some etiological facts of azoospermia that plays important
role in causing male infertility. We found that the level of hormones FSH and LH are significantly raised
as compare to control group. Also, the testosterone level is significantly less in azoospermic subject as
compare to control group. When we separately compared the hormonal profile of Obstructive and non
Obstructive subjects we found the level of Gonadotropic hormone FSH and LH is significantly high in
Non-obstructive Azoospermic patients while the testosterone hormone level is significantly low in Non
obstructive Azoospermic subjects. It indicates the primary hypogonadism. This study depicts the hormonal
profile in infertile male that will be helpful in further assessment and management of such individuals.
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