Knowledge, Attitude & Practise of Voluntary Blood Donation in Students of BRLSABVM Medical College, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh
Keywords:Voluntary blood donation, knowledge, attitude, practice, hypovolemic anemia.
There is a crucial need for awaring people regarding blood donation all over the world. According to Census
2011 Rajnandgaon city, Chhattisgarh has 1,63114 population and only around 1000 Voluntary Blood
Donation done per year3 . This depicts the lack of knowledge and social awareness regarding the blood
donation among the population of Rajnandgaon (C.G).
Material and Method: The present study is a cross sectional study and conducted among the students of
the various graduate and post graduate colleges of Rajnandgaon, to assess their knowledge and attitudinal
variables towards voluntary, non-remunerated blood donation.
Sample Size: It is calculated by using Kish and Lisle formula for cross-sectional studies8 . Four hundred
students were selected to participate in this study
Result: After analyzing the data, we observe that the overall knowledge regarding blood donation in
study population was found to be 46.11%. Most amazing thing is that 370 student out of 400 never did
blood donation (92.5%). Overall 30.60% of students have negative attitude towards blood donation which
includes generalized tiredness after blood donation (10.12%), hypovolemic anemia(15.12%) and decrease
in Immunity is (5.36%). Around 69.40% of students have positive attitude and are willing to donate blood
if they are demanded for blood donation (39.40%), 3% of non-donors not know much importance of blood
donation and 27% don’t know the procedure and place where to do blood donation.
Conclusion: Through this study we suggest that appropriate motivational campaign should be launched
immediately among this young section of the population to convert this favourable “attitude” towards blood
donation into a regular “practice” in order to increase the voluntary blood donation in Rajnandgaon.
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