Effect of Occupational Exposure to Pesticides on Cardiovascular System among Farmers: A Comparative Study

Authors

  • Sunitha M.1 , Jatin Bhoopala S.2 , SureshY Bondade3

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v8i3.1336

Keywords:

ECG; Pesticides; Farmers; Cardiovascular disease.

Abstract

Background: Agriculturea very complex occupation, apart from increasing productivity also brings huge

loss to community in terms of its ill effects on human health,plant and animal life. Adverse effects on

cardiovascular system is likely to occur due to aggressive use of agrochemicals such as pesticides.

Objectives: To Study Changes in ECG due to pesticide exposure among farmers and to Compare these ECG

Changes in those farmers with that of normal non-exposed subjects.

Materials and Method: A 12 lead ECG was recorded in apparenty healthy male farmers exposed to

pesticides and normal non exposed age matched male control subjects and analysed for parameters such as

heart rate, PR interval, QTC interval, QRS axis, ST and T wave changes and compared.

Results: This study reports significantly increased heart rate, prolonged QTC interval and non-specific ST

and T wave changes among pesticide exposed farmers compared to non-exposed control subjects.

Conclusion: The current study concludes that there is a need to detect these ECG changes as early as

possible so that future risk of cardiovascular disease can be prevented by adapting precautionary measures

during application of pesticides. Some form of continuous cardiac monitoring seems advisable. Farmers can

be advised to quit toxic chemical fertilizers & pesticides and opt Organic ones to be safe from the hazardous

implications of exposure.

Author Biography

Sunitha M.1 , Jatin Bhoopala S.2 , SureshY Bondade3

1Associate Professor, Physiology Department, 2 MBBS Student, 3Associate Professor,

Physiology Department, JJM Medical College, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Published

2020-07-22

How to Cite

Sunitha M.1 , Jatin Bhoopala S.2 , SureshY Bondade3. (2020). Effect of Occupational Exposure to Pesticides on Cardiovascular System among Farmers: A Comparative Study. International Journal of Physiology, 8(3), 91-97. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v8i3.1336