Effect of Family History of Hypertension on Left Ventricular Mass in Normotensive Individuals

Authors

  • Yerrolla Mounica1 , A. Santa Kumari2 , Geetha Shavali3

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v8i3.1339

Keywords:

Left ventricular mass, echocardiography, hypertension.

Abstract

Introduction: Presence of family history of hypertension is a strong predictor of development of hypertension

in normotensive subjects. Increased left ventricular mass might antedate the development of hypertension in

the individuals destined to develop systemic hypertension in life.

Aim: To study the left ventricular mass in offspring of normotensive parents (ONP) and offspring of

hypertensive parents (OHP) and to find the variations in between the two groups.

Materials and Method: 75 healthy normotensive individuals with family history of hypertension and 75

healthy normotensive individuals without family history of hypertension were included in the study .LV

mass was calculated by using 2D M-mode echocardiography by the formula given by American society of

Echocardiography, LV mass= 0.8 × [ 1.04 × (LVIDd + IVSd + PWd)3 – (LVIDd)3] + 0.6 grams.[LVIDd –

Left ventricular internal diameter during diastole; IVSd- Interventricular septal thickness during diastole;

PWd – Posterior wall thickness during diastole].

Observation and Results: Left ventricular mass was significantly higher in the normotensive individuals

with familyhistory of hypertension (64.33±20.22g) when compared to those without family history

(56.12±16.13g).

Conclusion: The present study reveals increased left ventricular mass in normotensive individuals with

family history of hypertension. Early evaluation of left ventricular mass and life style modification are

recommended in healthy normotensive individuals with family history of hypertension to prevent and delay

the clinical symptomatolgy of hypertension.

Author Biography

Yerrolla Mounica1 , A. Santa Kumari2 , Geetha Shavali3

1 Postgraduate, 2Professor and Head of the Department, 3Assisstant Professor,

Upgraded Department of Physiology, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana

Published

2020-07-22

How to Cite

Yerrolla Mounica1 , A. Santa Kumari2 , Geetha Shavali3. (2020). Effect of Family History of Hypertension on Left Ventricular Mass in Normotensive Individuals. International Journal of Physiology, 8(3), 108-112. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v8i3.1339