A Study to Determine the Prevalence of Premenstrual Syndrome in Young Females
Keywords:Premenstrual syndrome(PMS), Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, Premenstrual distress, Moos Menstrual Distress Questionnaire.
Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome can be broadly classified as any constellation of psychological and
physical symptoms that recur regularly in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle; remit for at least 1 week
in the follicular phase and cause distress and functional impairment. In order to be clinically significant,
the symptoms should be of at least moderate intensity and cause functional impairment. Women with
premenstrual dysphoric disorder report impaired social adjustment and reduced perceived quality of life,
which are at their worst during the luteal phase. Premenstrual syndrome differs from depression and physical
symptoms such as bloating, mastalgia and headache. The most common reported psychological symptom is
irritability rather than depressed mood.
Materials and Method: A cross sectional study has been conducted in Bhaskar medical college from June
2018 to July 2018 sponsored by ICMR,on 150 subjects .Data of 100 was collected on a 29 itemed shortened
premenstrual assessment form based on Moos Menstrual Distress Questionnaire. The study protocol and the
Questionnaire were presented to the Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC).
Results: The results obtained are Based on symptomatology, (i) Percentage of symptoms of PMS less than
50% and Above 50% criteria was considered for statistical analysis.
Discussion: Many women have premenstrual cyclic symptoms of psychological or physical nature and
sometimes these limit their functional capacity,While PMS is linked to the luteal phase, the cause of PMS
is not clear, but several factors may be involved. Changes in hormones during the menstrual cycle seem to
be an important factor.
Conclusion: As PMS is becoming problem in young girls hampering their life involving physical and
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