Association Between Hypertension and ABO Blood Groups: A Prospective Study among Students
Keywords:ABO Blood Group, BMI, Hypertension, Obesity, Prehypertension
Background: High blood pressure (BP) is a major public health problem in India and its prevalence is
rapidly increasing among both urban and rural populations. Age, gender, genetic factors and ethnicity are
non-modifiable risk factors of hypertension. The ABO blood group is inherently heritable, genetically
detected at time of conception and becomes permanent for whole life. This study intends to find out any
effect of different blood groups on development of hypertension.
Method : A total of 172 subjects were studied between March 2017 to June 2018. Blood pressure of all the
participants in the study was recorded using mercury sphygmomanometer. The formula, weight in kg was
divided by height in meter square was used to calculate the BMI of patients and unit is kg/m2. The data
collected was compiled and analysed using chi-square test. SPSS ver. 16 was used for this. P value of <0.005
was considered highly significant.
Conclusion: Blood group B has the highest tendency to be obese and developed both prehypertension and
hypertension. Whereas blood group AB has least chance to develop hypertension and obesity.
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