A Cross Sectional Study of Deaths Due to Poisoning: Autopsied at a Tertiary Care Centre: Davangere
Poisoning is an important health problem in every country of the world. Occupational exposure to industrial
chemicals and pesticides, accidental or intentional exposure to household and pharmaceutical products and
poisoning due to venomous animals, Toxic plants and food contamination, all contribute to morbidity and
mortality. Poison is a substance that being soluble in the blood either destroys life or impairs seriously the
functions of one or more organs of the body. Poison can be defined as, a substance (solid, liquid or gas) which
if introduced in a living body or brought in contact with any part thereof will produced ill health or death by
its constitutional or local effects or both.1 Due to rapid development in the field of science and technology
and vast growth in the industrial and agricultural sector, the poisoning is spreading like a wild fire. Poisoning
is a medical emergency and the patients are invariably admitted to the hospital through emergency services.
The poisoning may be suicidal, accidental or homicidal. With this background, the present study has been
carried out to determine the profile of poisoning cases, autopsied at SSIMS & RC, Davangere, Karnataka.
The study revealed that victims of rural population (68.9%) are highest among the habitation, followed by
urban population. Most of the victims are married people (63.9%). Most of the victims were educated with
matriculation (62.3%). Most of the poisoning cases are seen in Hindu religion (91.8%). Most of the cases
were seen in winter season (42.6%) and in most of the cases the victims has consumed the poison at home