Correlation of Injury Severity Score with Survival time in Fatal Road Traffic Accidents in Central Indian Population

  • Biyabani Naushad Husain1, Makarand S. Vyawahare2, Rajeshwar Pate3
Keywords: Injury Severity Score (ISS), Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs), survival time.

Abstract

The study was carried out in the department of forensic medicine at Government College and hospital,
Nagpur over a period of one and half year on 200 dead bodies of victims of road traffic fatalities brought
to mortuary for medico-legal post mortem examination. The aim of study was correlation between injury
severity score (ISS) and survival time of victim of road traffic accidental deaths. The ISS was calculated
from abbreviated injury scale (AIS). The cases were divided into four groups based on their ISS, where
the group with less serious injuries (ISS<25) was considered survivable The second group (ISS 25-49)
was considered as severe, third group (ISS 49-74) was critical and four group (ISS 75) was fatal . Survival
time was more in victims of road traffic accidents who had injury severity score (ISS) less than 25. On the
contrary to this, victims who had ISS more than 25 (25-74), survival time was low. Victims who had ISS 75
died on spot or within 1 hours of fatal road traffic accidents. The ISS score is negatively correlated with the
survival time with pearson’s correlation coefficient r=-.0.419 which is highly significant (p<0.0001).

Author Biography

Biyabani Naushad Husain1, Makarand S. Vyawahare2, Rajeshwar Pate3

1Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, S.M.B. T. IMSRC, Dhamangaon, Nashik,
Maharashtra, 2Professor & Head, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Indira Gandhi Medical
College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, 3Rajive Gandhi Medical College, Thane, Maharashtra, India

Published
2020-05-22
How to Cite
Biyabani Naushad Husain1, Makarand S. Vyawahare2, Rajeshwar Pate3. (2020). Correlation of Injury Severity Score with Survival time in Fatal Road Traffic Accidents in Central Indian Population. Medico Legal Update, 20(2), 37-41. Retrieved from http://ijop.net/index.php/mlu/article/view/1057