Effect of an Informative Pamphlet in Improving Parental Knowledge about Retinopathy of Prematurity
Keywords:Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP); Parental knowledge; Informative pamphlet.
Introduction: The childhood blindness due to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can be prevented if infants
at risk are screened before the progression of the condition. The parental awareness on need of follow-ups
for screening and identification of ROP will help in reducing the incidence of childhood blindness due to
Method: In the present study an informative pamphlet was developed and distributed to find its effectiveness
in improving the parents’ knowledge on retinopathy of prematurity. Quantitative research approach was used
with pre-experimental pre-test post-test one group design. Conceptual framework used was General system
theory by Ludwig Von Bertalanffy. Using convenience sampling method 30 parents of preterm babies were
selected. The baseline proforma and knowledge questionnaire were administered and later an informative
pamphlet about ROP were given. Post-test knowledge assessment was done 7 days after the exposure to
Result and Discussion: The study finding showed an increase in the knowledge of parents on ROP after the
exposure to pamphlet (Z=4.628, p=.001). An association was found between pre-test knowledge and previous
parental knowledge on eye diseases in newborn babies (U=59, p=.048). The present study concludes that the
pamphlet made by the researcher on ROP was effective in improving the parents’ knowledge about ROP.