Assessment of Level of Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Hypertensive Patients

  • M. Sathya1, S. Hariharan2, S. Kamalnath2, K. Joan2, Manjula T.R.3
Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, Stress and Hypertension patie

Abstract

Assessment of the level of depression, anxiety and stress among hypertensive patients attending Medicine
OPD, in selected Tertiary Care Hospital, Kanchipuram District, Tamil Nadu, India. The objectives were to
assess the level of depression, anxiety and stress among hypertension patients and to associate the selected
demographic variables with the level of depression, anxiety and stress of hypertension patients. 80 patients
were selected using by purposive sampling technique. We have used DASS-21 standardized tool for our
research study. The study findings showed that majority of the patients 64(80%) were normal, 13(16%) were
mildly depressed and only 3(4%) were moderately depressed, On the aspects of anxiety majority 58(73%)
were normal, 13(16%) were having mild anxiety and only 9(11%) were having moderate anxiety and on
the level of stress majority 75(94%) were normal and 5(6%) were mildly stressed. Over all mean of level
of depression of hypertensive patients were found to be (6.67), for the level of anxiety the mean was found
to be (5.7) and (8.9) for the level of stress aspects of the of the hypertensive patients. Standard deviation
aspects of the hypertensive patients for the level of depression (3.79), for the level of anxiety (3.08) and for
the level of stress were found to be (3.77). There was significant association between the level of depression
and type of diet (χ2 = 22.84) and the level of stress and age (χ2= 33.44) of the hypertensive patients. The
study concludes that most of the hypertensive patients were normal in the level of depression, anxiety
and stress. Nurses when we confront patients with hypertension, if they have symptoms of depression,
stress and anxiety, we have to refer them for psychiatric consultation and provide health education on stress
management strategies.

Author Biography

M. Sathya1, S. Hariharan2, S. Kamalnath2, K. Joan2, Manjula T.R.3

1Post Basic B.Sc. (Nursing), 2B.Sc. Nursing Students, 3M.Sc. (Nursing), Assistant Professor, Department of Mental
Health Nursing, Chettinad College of Nursing, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education,
Kelambakkam, Kanchipuram District, Tamil Nadu

Published
2020-05-22
How to Cite
M. Sathya1, S. Hariharan2, S. Kamalnath2, K. Joan2, Manjula T.R.3. (2020). Assessment of Level of Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Hypertensive Patients. Medico Legal Update, 20(2), 103-106. Retrieved from http://ijop.net/index.php/mlu/article/view/1074