Knowledge and Awareness of Medical Students on Orthodontics: A Cross Sectional Study

  • Manikandan S.1, Sasidharan Sivakumar2, Krishna Prasanth B.3
Keywords: Malocclusion, medical students, orthodontics

Abstract

Healthcare providers are the primary caregivers for a variety of health-related complaints. If they are
unaware of the relationship between the malocclusion and orthodontics on general well-being of the patient,
they may not educate, motivate and refer patients for orthodontic care. Considering that the present-day
medical students are the future healthcare providers; we have assessed their level of orthodontic awareness.
This cross sectional survey was conducted in Sree Balaji Medical College & Hospital, Bharath Institute
of Higher Education & Research. The total sample size includes 375 male and female medical students
selected by simple random sampling technique. A pre-piloted validated self-administered questionnaire was
used and the collected data was subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS software version 24.0. Response
rate was 70.4% (n=264) of which 49.2% were males (n=130) and the rest others were females. Half of
the respondents (50.1%, (n=131) know the term ‘orthodontics’. 31.4% (n=81) knew that orthodontics is
related to correcting malocclusion. 40.1% (n=106) had received orthodontic treatment. Around half of the
respondents (54.5%, (n=144) have relatives who are undergoing orthodontic treatment during the study
period and 47.4% (n=125) felt aesthetics is the most important criteria affected by malocclusion. Similarly,
56% (n=148) would make referrals and 38.6% (n=102) cited duration of treatment as a discouraging factor.
The medical students surveyed had only less awareness of orthodontics as a separate speciality. The female
students showed a higher level of awareness towards oral health, aesthetics and orthodontics as compared to
the male students. So a basic introduction to the dental sub-specialties, especially orthodontics would enable
them to identify and educate on malocclusions and make informed referrals appropriately.

Author Biography

Manikandan S.1, Sasidharan Sivakumar2, Krishna Prasanth B.3

1Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Sree Balaji Dental College & Hospital, BIHER, Chennai,
2Post Graduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Best Dental College, Madurai, 3Assistant
Professor & Epidemiologist, Department of Community Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College & Hospital,
Bharath Institute of Higher Education & Research

Published
2020-05-22
How to Cite
Manikandan S.1, Sasidharan Sivakumar2, Krishna Prasanth B.3. (2020). Knowledge and Awareness of Medical Students on Orthodontics: A Cross Sectional Study. Medico Legal Update, 20(2), 107-111. Retrieved from http://ijop.net/index.php/mlu/article/view/1075