Pattern of Snake Bite Cases at Tertiary Health Care Centre and First Aid Treatment
Introduction and Objectives: Snake bite is one ofthe public health problem often neglected, especially in
tropical and developing countries of the world. Demographic and clinical parameters changes in different
parts of the world. In India it is more prevalent in Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamilnadu, etc. This study
was conducted in a tertiary health care centre in Maharashtra to demonstrate the epidemiology, management
and severity of snake bite as an acute medical emergency situation to create awareness regarding the first aid
treatment and to formulate policies for ASV availability.
Materials and Method: Tertiary health care based retrospective study was conducted from June 2017 to
July 2018 and data was collected, analyzed and presented as percentage.
Results: In this present retrospective study a total of 131 cases of snake bites were observed in a tertiary
health care centre and the mortality rate was found to be 1.53%. More than 50% bites were of Vasculotxic
Snake leading to severe systemic complications in 15% of the victims and death of 2 patients, ASV was
required in 68% cases of snake bites.
Conclusion: To lower the incidences of Snake bites, awareness and preventive measures such as avoiding
tall grassy areas, keeping storage areas clear of rodents, removing rubbish, raise beds above floor level and
avoiding areas known to harbor dangerous snakes. Use of gumboots and long pants for working outdoors is
advised. First aid treatment and assurance to patients are the most important primary management of Snake