Correlation between IL-10 Expression with Histopathology Type on Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients
Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignancy derived from lymphoepithelial tissue and
nasopharyngeal epithelial cells. The response therapy of NPC evaluated from histopathological type, but in
some patients with the same type was illustrated a different response of therapy. IL-10 expression expects to
predict a better response therapy of NPC. IL-10 expression by immunohistochemical examination associated
with the differentiation of tumors.
Method: The study was analytic observational with the cross-sectional approach. Samples were collected
by consecutive sampling and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsy specimens were obtained.
Result: The result of IL-10 expression in Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with histopathological
World health organization (WHO) type I was obtained; From all the samples, there were 36.36% of strong
positive expression and 63.64% of frail positive expression. There were increases in the number of cells that
give a strong expression on WHO type III. Statistical analysis using Fisher’s exact test was obtained p =
0.040 with a contingency coefficient of 0.384.
Conclusion: There was a moderate correlation between IL-10 expression and histopathological type in NPC