Prevalance and Risk Factors of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Retrospective Study

  • C. Nandha Kumar1, V.B. Manova1, R. Maniyarasi1, V. Paveena1, K. Vanitha2
Keywords: Prevalance, Risk factors,Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM).

Abstract

A retrospective study to assess the prevalence and risk factors of gestational diabetes mellitus among
antenatal mothers in a selected Tertiary Care Hospital at Kelambakkam, Kanchipuram District, Tamil Nadu,
India The objectives were to Assess the prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus within last two years
(2016 to 2018) in a selected Tertiary Care Hospital at Kelambakkam, at Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu
and to associate the risk factors of GDM with the selected demographic variables. The convenient sampling
was used to select 35 medical records of antenatal mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus .The data
regarding risk factors like History of GDM in previous pregnancy, Fasting blood glucose, Random blood
glucose, Diagnosed at which trimester, Previous history of LSCS, previous history of abortion, duration in
hospital,complications other than gestational diabetes mellitus were collected from the medical records. The
result showed that 120 antenatal mothers were diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus within last 2
years. There is a significant association of demographic variables like parity with the risk factors of history
of gestational diabetes mellitus in previous pregnancy (χ2 = 7.882, P ≤ 0.05)

Author Biography

C. Nandha Kumar1, V.B. Manova1, R. Maniyarasi1, V. Paveena1, K. Vanitha2

1B.Sc (Nursing) III Year Students, 2Guide, M.Sc(Nursing), Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and
Gynecological Nursing, Chettinad College of Nursing, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Rajiv
Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam, Kanchipuram District, Tamil Nadu

Published
2020-05-22
How to Cite
C. Nandha Kumar1, V.B. Manova1, R. Maniyarasi1, V. Paveena1, K. Vanitha2. (2020). Prevalance and Risk Factors of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Retrospective Study. Medico Legal Update, 20(2), 397-400. Retrieved from http://ijop.net/index.php/mlu/article/view/1137