The Roles of Parenting Style towards Mental Health of Early Childhood
Mental health of early childhood cannot be separated from parents’ parenting. Mental health is strongly
influenced by social-emotional conditions. Children’s social development includes the child’s ability to
establish and form healthy relationships with others. Emotional development includes the ability to control
and adjust one’s feelings to others. The form of treatment and attitudes of parents greatly determine the
social-emotional development of early childhood. When the social-emotional development of early
childhood is impaired, it will indirectly have an impact on their mental health. For this reason, parents
must determine the appropriate parenting style so that children’s mental health develops well. Explorative
qualitative method was used in this research. The researchers attempted to understand and examined the
relationship between parenting style and early childhood mental health by understanding and analyzing the
findings of previously published research. The results of this research indicated that parenting style has a
very important role in the mental health of early childhood. Authoritative parents have a positive impact on
children’s mental health, whereas authoritarian parents have a negative impact on children’s mental health.
Authoritative care is characterized by warm treatment from parents and always concerned about the needs
and development of children. Meanwhile, the authoritarian parenting is characterized by abuse by parents
and being unresponsive to children.