Factor Affecting the Success of Aged-Friendly Primary Health Care Program for Elderly in Surabaya City
Introduction: The elderly are human who experience various decreases in anatomical, physiological, social
and economic aspects, this can cause some elderly aren’t able to be independent in fulfilling their daily
needs. One of efforts to improve the quality of life for the elderly, through the government issued a policy
on the implementation of Aged-Friendly Primary Health Care Program for the elderly. Purpose: This study
aimed to explore the factors that affect the success of Aged-Friendly Primary Health Care Program for the
Method: This study used qualitative study with a phenomenological approach. The saturation of data
was obtained by 15 participants which were conducted the data collection by using indept interview. Data
analysis used Collaizi analysis method.
Results: The identification found four main themes and eight sub themes: (1) characteristics of elderly
(physiological and psychological factors), (2) Health workers (knowledge, services quality provided); (3)
Health facilities (the availability of tools and technology, the distance of health care); (4) Family support
(material supports, psychological supports).
Conclusion: Aged-Friendly Primary Health Care Program for the elderly was affected by several factors, all
of the factors were interrelated so that it is needed a good coordination among the elderly, family and health
workers to provide a quality of aged-friendly services for the elderly.