Effects of Self-efficacy and Wisdom on Job Competence of Care Workers in Korea
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect that self-efficacy and wisdom on job competence
in care worker in Korea.
Method: The subjects of this study were 123 care workers. The data were analyzed using descriptive
statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression using the SPSS
Window 23.0 program.
Results: The care workers’ self-efficacy scored 3.80 points out of 5 points and wisdom scored 3.63 points
out of 5 points and job competence scored 3.66 points out of 5 points. The job competence of care workers
was a high positive correlation with self-efficacy (r=.53, p<.001), wisdom (r=.72, p<.001). The wisdom
(β=.715, p<.001) of care workers had a significant influence on job competence, showing a 51.1 percent
Conclusion: The self-efficacy and wisdom of care workers showed a positive correlation with job competence,
the higher the degree of self-efficacy and wisdom was found to be, the higher the job competence. Wisdom
is the most influential variable on the job competence of care workers. Therefore, in order to improve
the health and quality of life of the elderly who living at home by increasing the job competence of the
care workers, it is necessary to provide the intervention program so that self-efficacy and wisdom can be
developed. Especially, wisdom has the attribute that can be acquired through experience while living, so it
is also necessary to train them to make a successful resolution in response to various problems. This study is
aimed at the care workers who provide home care, so it is suggested that the study is repeated targeting the
care workers who work in the hospital by expanding the institution.