Effects of Self-efficacy, Health Perception, Social Support and Perceived Disability on Health Promoting Behavior of Nursing Students
Purpose: This study is a descriptive survey to investigate the relationship between health promoting
behaviors and self-efficacy, health perception, social support and perceived disability and to identify factors
affecting health promoting behaviors among nursing students.
Method: With the permission of the Education Committee of the Department of a University, 249 nursing
college students explained the purpose and method of research and collected data with written consent. The
data were analyzed by the t-test, ANOVA and Pearson’s correlation and Stepwise Multiple Regression using
the SPSS 24.0 program.
Results: The health promoting behaviors of the subjects were a positive correlation at the statically significant
level at the self-efficacy (r=.73, p<.001), health perception (r=.50, p<.001), Social support (r=.62, p<.001)
and a negative correlation at the perceived disability (r=-.29 p<.001). Regression analysis showed that health
condition (β =-.144, p <.001), health concern (β=-.147 p<.001), self-efficacy (β=.523, p<.001) and social
support (β=.199, p<.001) explained 62.0% of health promoting behaviors and health conditions, health
concern, self-efficacy and social support were the main factors influencing health promoting behaviors of
Conclusion: Through the result of this study, it is necessary to develop programs that allow nursing students
to observe their health conditions and raise their interest in health and promote self-efficacy and social