Effects of Smoking on the Level of Lipase Enzyme and Lipid Profile in Blood Serum of Young Smokers

  • Qussay Noori Raddam1, Moafaq Mutlak Zeidan2
Keywords: Smoking, Lipid profile, Lipase, Blood serum, Vascular diseases.

Abstract

Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for heart disease and peripheral vascular disorders. The cardiovascular
diseases among smokers can be predicted by the levels of lipid profile. The objective of the present study
is to analyse the effects of smoking on the lipid profile and lipase levels among Iraqi smokers as well as to
identify the morbidity risk among smokers and non-smokers. A cross-sectional study (n=50) was designed
including smokers (n=40) and nonsmokers (n=10) as a control group.The lipid profile and lipase level tests
were performed after overnight fasting.The lipid profile and lipase levels were found to be significantly
(p≤0.05) increased in the smoker group as compared to non-smoker group. Total cholesterol and triglyceride
(TG) levels were found to be increased 194.24±37.04mg/dl and 173.87±44.96mg/dl in the smoker group
as compared to control (165.35±23.6mg/dl and 106.7±43.4mg/dl), respectively. Serum high-density
lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) concentration was decreased to 46.30±7.1mg/dl as compared to control group
64.15±8.8mg/dl.The smoker group showed significant increased in the serum LDL (103.16±21.43mg/dl)
and VLDL (44.78±8.9mg/dl) levels as compared to control group (77.06±20.5md/dl and 24.14±8.8mg/dl,
respectively). Similarly, the smoker group showed decreased in serum lipase level (28.35±78.3) as compared
to the control group (37.65±9.7). Smoking is associated with many risk factors of heart and vascular diseases
which can evaluated by the elevated levels of total cholesterol, TG, LDL and VLDL. However, preventive
strategies are needed to avoid the future cardiovascular diseases and in supporting the benefits of quitting
smoking.

Author Biography

Qussay Noori Raddam1, Moafaq Mutlak Zeidan2

1Assistant Professor, Biology Department, Education College, Iraqi University, Iraq,
2Assistant Professor, Biology Department, Sciences College, Tikrit University, Tikrit, Iraq

Published
2020-05-22
How to Cite
Qussay Noori Raddam1, Moafaq Mutlak Zeidan2. (2020). Effects of Smoking on the Level of Lipase Enzyme and Lipid Profile in Blood Serum of Young Smokers. Medico Legal Update, 20(2), 814-819. Retrieved from http://ijop.net/index.php/mlu/article/view/1216