The Study of Trends and Out Come of Acute Poisoning in a Tertiary Care Hospital Khammam, Telangana; India

Authors

  • Bharath Kumar Guntheti1 , Kondru Laxman2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1363

Keywords:

Acute poisoning, Trends and outcome, tertiary care hospital, Time lapse, OPC

Abstract

Background and Objective: It is important to know the trends, nature, sevesrity and outcome of acute

poisoning cases in order to take up appropriate planning, time lapse, first aid and recovery. This study is to

assess the trends and outcome of acute poisoning cases in a tertiary care hospital in Khammam.

Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary care hospital attached to a

medical institution in Khammam. The study includes 126 cases and data regarding age, sex, time elapsed

after intake, circumstances of poisoning, name of the poisonous substance, chemical type, duration of

hospitalization, severity and outcome collected in the Proforma.

Results: Incidence was common among 21-30 yr. old married Hindu male laborers from rural background

belonging low socioeconomic classes with only primary education. Majority of the incidents occurred in

the victim’s home during the day time. Maximum number of cases were encountered during the Rainy

season and in the month of November. Organophosphorus insecticides and poisoning by snake bite were

the commonest types of poisoning. Majority of the acute poisoning cases were hospitalized within one hour

of toxic exposure. Maximum number of patients stayed in hospital for up to 7 days and recovered. Family

problems and financial problems were the most common reasons behind poisoning. Overall mortality was

found to be 3.05% and 38 cases succumbed to the poisoning.

Conclusion: Poisoning was common in young males. Maximum number of cases encountered in Rainy

season. Organophosphorus insecticides and poisoning by snake bite were the commonest types of poisoning.

Majority of the acute poisoning cases were hospitalized within one hour of toxic exposure. The overall

mortality was substantially high, mainly contributed by self-poisoning with insecticides. Early care in a

tertiary care center may help to reduce mortality in India.

Author Biography

Bharath Kumar Guntheti1 , Kondru Laxman2

1Professsor, Dept. of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Mamata Medical College, Dr Kondru Laxman,

2Associate Professor, Maheshwara Medical College, Chitkul, Pattancheru, Telangana

Published

2020-07-24

How to Cite

Bharath Kumar Guntheti1 , Kondru Laxman2. (2020). The Study of Trends and Out Come of Acute Poisoning in a Tertiary Care Hospital Khammam, Telangana; India. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 32-39. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1363