A Cross Sectional Autopsy based Study of Homicidal Deaths in Vijayapura, Karnataka
Keywords:Homicide, blunt weapons, murder, autopsy.
Introduction: Homicide is heinous crime and it is one of the oldest crimes in human civilization. Homicidal
pattern vary from country to country and from one region to another, and are influenced by many factors
like commonly available weapons, methods of killing, etc. In the present day world violence is clearly
recognized as a global public health problem. The total number of murders recorded all over India in 2010
was 33,335 and in 2011 were 34,305. Materials and Methods: 2 year autopsy based study conducted in
Vijayapura. All homicidal cases brought to the department for medico legal autopsy and also the cases which
were later registered as homicide were studied. Detailed information regarding the circumstances of crime
was sought from the police, victim’s relatives and friends, visits to the scene of occurrence or deduced by
the photographs of the scene of occurrence. The alleged weapons that were produced in the respective cases
were examined and opined. Results: Among 67 cases, 43 (46.18%) were male and 24 (53.82%) were female.
Most commonly affected victims were from 21 – 30 years age group. Large number of cases occurred in
streets. The blunt injuries were most common 31(46.27%) to cause death.