Tobacco Toxicity in Tobacco Chewers

Authors

  • V. Chandrasekhar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1399

Keywords:

Vasoconstriction, periodontal disease, leucoplakia, psychoactive effects, myocardial ischemia, macular degeneration, impotence, atrial fibrillation, cancers.

Abstract

Nicotine is highly addictive plant derived alkaloid and the most important species in human use today is

Nicotiana tabacum. There are direct health effects of chronic nicotine exposure. Even in low doses, nicotine

causes vasoconstriction and other cardiovascular effects related to catecholamine release and promote

angiogenesis, neuroteratogenicity, and possibly some cancers¹. Periodontal disease and dental cavities

and have up to 48 times the risk of oropharyngeal cancers compared with people who do not use tobacco

products². Low doses exposure produces fine tremor, cutaneous vasoconstriction, increased GI motility, and

increase in heart rate, respiratory rate and blood pressure³. Low dose nicotine also increases mental alertness

and produces euphoria and desired psychoactive effects³. Metabolism is via the hepatic cytochrome oxidase

system. The half life of nicotine in the body is 1 to 4 hours and decreases with repeated nicotine exposure4.

Author Biography

V. Chandrasekhar

Professor & PG HOD of FMT+ Dean, MAEER’s MIMSR Medical College, Latur, Maharashtra State

Published

2020-07-24

How to Cite

V. Chandrasekhar. (2020). Tobacco Toxicity in Tobacco Chewers. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 217-220. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1399