Study of Temporary Trends in The Pattern of Poisonings in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Keywords:Insecticides,poisoning, household poisons,poison information center.
Introduction:Acute Poisoning forms one of the commonest causes of emergency hospital admissions.
Poisoning both accidental and intentional are a significant contributor to mortality and morbidity throughout
the world.A complete review of the risk factors decreases incidence and significant morbidity and mortality
rates.The present study aims to characterize contemporary trends in the pattern of poisonings in a tertiary
care hospital in Chennai,Tamil Nadu.
Materials and Method: The study was conducted in tertiary care hospital [Saveetha Medical College
and Hospital] for a period of one year[from January 2018 to December 2018].The data was obtained
retrospectively from medical case sheets and various parameters such as sex ratio,occupation,poison
type,etc., were analyzed and compared with other studies .
Results: The study population consists of 294 cases, among which 232 were suicidal and 62 were accidental.
Female predominancy was reported in the present study, with the prevalence of poisonings more common
among the age group 21-30y years.Household poisons like insecticides and rodenticides were the most
commonly administered.Most of the patients admitted were skilled workers and homemakers .
Conclusion: Poisoning was more common in young adults,particularly females.Insecticides and rodenticides
were major causes of poisoning,with the higher incidence among skilled workers.Highly equipped treatment
facilities and establishment of poisoning centers have become the need of the hour.