Punjabi Adaptation of WHO’s Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) in Gurumukhi Script: A Validity and Reliability Study

Authors

  • Harmandeep Singh1 , Sukhdev Singh2 , Amandeep Singh3

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1406

Keywords:

Punjabi, GPAQ, validity, reliability, Physical activity, questionnaire, WHO

Abstract

Background: WHO’s Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) has not yet been adapted in the

Punjabi language. This study was aimed to adapt the GPAQ into the Punjabi language in Gurumukhi script

and to make it useful for physical activity surveillance on Punjabi population.

Methods: We translated the GPAQ-English into Punjabi language (Gurumukhi script) using the forward

backward translation technique. A total of 81 adult participants including staff and students having good

command over Punjabi and English languages were conveniently recruited from Guru Nanak Dev University,

Amritsar, Punjab, India. The validity of the adapted version was tested against the original English version

of GPAQ by applying Spearman’s rho. Test-retest reliability was tested by employing ICC coefficients.

Results: GPAQ-P demonstrated good validity for total PA (rs = 0.877), work domain (rs = 0.815), transport

domain (rs = 0.876), and moderate intensity PA (rs= 0.860); moderate validity for recreation domain (rs =

0.643) and sitting time (rs = 0.629); and low for vigorous intensity PA (rs = 0.466). Moderate to excellent

reliability was detected between two administration of GPAQ-P, excellent intraclass coefficients for total

PA (ICC = 0.918), work domain (ICC = 0.943), transport domain (ICC = 0.968), recreation domain (ICC =

0.952), and moderate intensity (ICC = 0.956); good ICC for vigorous intensity (ICC = 0.845) and moderate

ICC for sitting time (ICC = 0.704).

Conclusions: Punjabi adaptation of GPAQ in Gurumukhi script has good validity and reliability and it can

be used for physical activity surveillance in Punjabi knowing population.

Author Biography

Harmandeep Singh1 , Sukhdev Singh2 , Amandeep Singh3

1Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Apeejay College of Fine Arts, Jalandhar, Punjab, India,

2Professor & Head, Department of Physical Education (T) Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India,

3Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education (T), Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India

Published

2020-07-24

How to Cite

Harmandeep Singh1 , Sukhdev Singh2 , Amandeep Singh3. (2020). Punjabi Adaptation of WHO’s Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) in Gurumukhi Script: A Validity and Reliability Study. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 257-263. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1406