Management of Oroantral Communication Using Double Layered Closure with Buccal Fat Pad and Buccal Advancement Flap: Prospective Randomized Clinical Study

Authors

  • Kumar Nilesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1407

Keywords:

oroantral fistula, combination flap, maxillary sinus, nasal regurgitation

Abstract

Introduction: Although many techniques are available for management of oroantral communication, they

utilize single layer tissue for closure of defect which is composite in nature. There is limited evidence in

literature regarding efficacy of double layered closure using combination of flaps. This study was designed

to assess utility of double layer closure of oroantral communication using buccal fat pad and buccal mucosa

advancement flap.

Material and Method: Patients with oroantral communication were randomly allocated to two groups;

group A were treated with two layered closure (buccal fat pad and buccal mucosa) and group B were treated

with single layer closure (buccal fat pad). Same protocol of perioperative management was used for both

groups. The postoperative parameters evaluated included success of surgery (complete closure without any

nasal regurgitation), duration of surgery, pain, swelling and mouth opening.

Results: Total of 27 patients were divided into group A (n=13) and group B (n=14). The mean size of the

defect was 28.23 mm in study group and 24.57 mm in the control group. The surgical procedure took more

time (42.23 minutes) in group A, as compared to group B (26.21 minutes). Post-operative evaluation of pain

and mouth opening showed no statistically significant between the two groups at 7th and 30th postoperative

days respectively. However, swelling was relatively more when combination of buccal fat pad and buccal

advancement flap was used.

Conclusion: Double layered closure is efficient in management of OAC. No dehiscence of flap was seen in

study group. Comparatively 3 dehiscence was observed in control group, especially with large size defect.

The postoperative sequel in both groups was similar.

Author Biography

Kumar Nilesh

Prof and Head of Department, Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery; School of Dental Sciences;

Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University; Karad

Published

2020-07-24

How to Cite

Kumar Nilesh. (2020). Management of Oroantral Communication Using Double Layered Closure with Buccal Fat Pad and Buccal Advancement Flap: Prospective Randomized Clinical Study. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 264-268. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1407