Perception of Medication error among Interns and Staff Nurses in a Selected Hospital at Mangaluru- A Mixed Method Approach
Keywords:Medication Errors, Perception, Health Personnel, Patient safety
Objectives: The present study assessed the perception of medication error among the Interns and Staff
Nurses and also elicited the experiences of those who have witnessed or committed medication error.
Method: A mixed method approach was adopted, and by Purposive sampling technique, 50 Interns and
50 Staff Nurses were selected as participants. The initial Quantitative Phase Data was obtained by using
Demographic proforma, and Modified Gladstone scale of medication error. Qualitative Phase data was
collected by Semi-Structured open-ended Questionnaire.
Result: The findings of Descriptive and Inferential statistical analysis revealed that Majority of the Staff
nurses had High Perception (52%) and Interns had Moderate perception (68%) about the medication error.
Staff nurses (51.14) perception of medication error was higher than that of Interns (46.70). In the second
phase Qualitative data was collected by Semi-Structured open-ended Questionnaire, and the verbatim was
analyzed by Colaizzi’s data analysis. With the verbatim, six themes emerged, which are Patient safety threat,
Physical and physiological effect, Handling the error, reporting attitude, negative emotions, and problem
focus strategy of medication error. The triangulation of Qualitative and Quantitative findings revealed the
congruency between the four domains like causes, types, reporting behavior, and Views or feelings on
Conclusion: The study identified the gap between the nurse’s perception of medication error with their
actual knowledge. It was clear that the nurses need specific information about what constitutes medication