Effect of Posture on Electrical Axis of Heart During Different Phases of Breathing in Normal Subjects

Authors

  • H. Vishnu Priya1 , S. Krishnan2, Prem B3

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1423

Keywords:

Posture, Electrical axis, Breathing

Abstract

Introduction: Body postural changes are commonly used in the management of patients with acute

cardiopulmonary dysfunction. Size, shape and position of heart are related to the body type, posture and

respiration. Effect of change in body posture on electrical axis of heart has not been well documented. .The

present study was conducted to study the effect of posture on electrical axis of heart during different phases

of breathing in normal subjects.

Aim: To study the effect of posture on electrical axis of heart during different phases of breathing.

Materials and Method: With the help of INCO RMS Vesta 101 electrocardiograph, ECG was recorded in

the following normal breathing, deep inspiration and deep expiration in supine, standing and sitting posture.

Results: The mean cardiac axis after deep expiration in supine posture was +47.29 degrees, in the sitting

posture it was +32.67 degrees and in standing posture it was +30.69 degrees. The decrease in cardiac axis

upon assuming sitting posture was significantly different from the value obtained during supine posture

(P<0.05). The decrease in cardiac axis upon assuming standing posture was significantly different from the

value obtained during supine posture (P<0.01).

Conclusion: It was found inter-individual variability in electrical axis of heart which can be explained on

the basis of orientation of heart in the chest. In the present study, the decrease in cardiac axis due to postural

variation from supine to sitting and standing was more pronounced after deep expiration. There was decrease

in electrical axis of heart (shift to left) when subject changed the posture from supine to sitting and standing.

Author Biography

H. Vishnu Priya1 , S. Krishnan2, Prem B3

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Aarupadaiveedu Medical College & Research Institute,

Puducherry , 2 Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research

Institute, Puducherry, 3Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Govt. Thiruvannamalai Medical College &

Hospital, Thiruvannamalai

Published

2020-07-24

How to Cite

H. Vishnu Priya1 , S. Krishnan2, Prem B3. (2020). Effect of Posture on Electrical Axis of Heart During Different Phases of Breathing in Normal Subjects. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 362-366. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1423