Effectiveness of Guided Imagery on Stress and Coping among Wives of Alcoholics- A Quasi Experimental one Group Pre-Test Post-Test Research Design
Keywords:Alcoholism, Wives of alcoholics, Guided Imagery, De-addiction.
Alcoholism is one of the major health and social problem all over the world. It is the third leading psychiatric
problem in the world today. Addiction is a family problem and is a major source of stress for family members.
Objectives: 1. To assess and compare the stress and coping before and after administration of Guided
Imagery among wives of alcoholics. 2. To determine the relationship between stress and coping among
wives of alcoholics. 3. To determine the association of stress and coping with the selected variables among
wives of alcoholics.
Methodology: Quasi experimental study with one group pre-test post-test design. A total 33 wives of
alcoholics were selected by using purposive sampling technique. Tools: selected variables, Modified
Perceived Stress Scale and Brief COPE Scale were used. Guided Imagery intervention was given daily for
six days and each session was of 30 minutes which includes 5 minutes deep breathing exercise before and
after the active session of guiding with focused background music. Daily guided imagery sessions were
divided on different themes. Post test was taken on 8th day. Reliability of tool was estimated with Cronbach
Alpha (internal consistency). The descriptive and inferential statistics were applied by using SPSS version
Results: Kolmogorov Smirnov test was applied to check the normality of the data and data was normally
distributed; hence parametric tests were applied. Findings of the study indicated that Guided Imagery
was effective in reducing stress [“t”(32)=20.05 (p=0.00)] and improving the adaptive coping [“t”(32)=
6.91(p=0.00)] and reducing maladaptive coping [“t”= 6.87 (p=0.01)] among wives of alcoholics. There
was significant moderate negative correlation between stress and adaptive coping and there was significant
association of stress, adaptive coping and maladaptive coping with selected variables such as number of
children, age, monthly income and type of family. Further multiple regression was performed to check the
predictability of selected independent variables on stress. Conclusion: Guided Imagery was effective in
reducing stress and improving adaptive coping among wives of alcoholics.