Pattern of Fatal IntraAbdominal Injuries in Autopsy Cases- A 3 Year Retrospective Study


  • Khaja Azizuddin Junaidi1 , Kashif Ali2



Abdominal injuries, Blunt trauma, Road Traffic Accidents


Introduction- Abdominal trauma is an injury to abdomen and is a common presentation in the emergency

room if it is caused by blunt force. According to WHO, in few years trauma will become the first or second

leading cause of loss of productive years of life for both developed and developing countries. The most

common cause of blunt abdominal trauma are road traffic accidents, fall from height, assaults, industrial

accidents, etc.

Objective- To study the pattern and prevalence of abdominal injuries in relation to the various epidemiological


Materials and Method- This retrospective study was conducted over a period of 3 years from January

2016 to December 2018. The total number of cases studied were 120 showing abdominal injuries. This

study on medicolegal autopsies was carried out at mortuary of Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belagavi,


Results- A total of 120 cases were included in this study who presented with blunt abdominal trauma. In our

study males (83 cases) outnumbered females (37 cases) and majority of the cases were in age group of 21-30

years (38.3%). Most of the cases were from rural background (57.5%). Road traffic accidents (75.8%) were

the most common reason behind the abdominal trauma. The most common cause of death was shock and

haemorrhage (69.2%). Liver was involved in majority of the victims followed by spleen.

Author Biography

Khaja Azizuddin Junaidi1 , Kashif Ali2

1 Tutor, Department of Forensic Medicine, GIMS, Gulbarga, Karnataka, 2 Senior Resident, Department of Forensic

Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh



How to Cite

Khaja Azizuddin Junaidi1 , Kashif Ali2. (2020). Pattern of Fatal IntraAbdominal Injuries in Autopsy Cases- A 3 Year Retrospective Study. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 481-485.