Factors Analysis Related to the Completeness of Providing Basic Immunization in Infant Aged 12 Months
Keywords:immunization, knowledge, attitude, family support, health workers support
Background: The highest number of children with incomplete immunizations in Indonesia is five provinces
in Java. During 2015, diphtheria cases in Blitar District, East Java reached 44 cases. However, in 2016, there
was an increase with the discovery of 49 infants affected by diphtheria and spread in several districts and
obtained the number of 12-month-old infants who did not get complete immunizations of 47 infants.
Aim: The purpose of this study analyzed the factors related to the completeness of basic immunization for
Method: This study was a quantitative study with cross sectional approach. The study was conducted on
mothers who have 12-month-old infants by filling out the questionnaires about the relationship of independent
variables, namely knowledge and attitudes of the mother, family support and health workers support as
well as the dependent variable, namely the completeness of basic immunization. Total respondents were 46
people. Data were analyzed using the Chi Square test to determine the relationship between independent and
dependent variables and logistic regression statistical tests to find out the dominant variables related to the
completeness of basic immunization.
Results: There was a relationship between maternal knowledge (p = 0,000), maternal attitudes (p = 0,000),
family support (p = 0,000), and health workers support (p = 0,000) and the completion of basic immunization.
The dominant factor related to the completeness of basic immunization was knowledge.
Conclusion: Knowledge, attitude, family support, and health workers support have a significant relationship
with the completion of basic immunization.