Effects of Two Different Doses of Vitamin B2 and a Single Dose of Vitamin B12 Against Cyclophosphamide Induced Nephrotoxicity

Authors

  • Waleed K. Ghanim1 , Nada N. Al-Shawi2 , Muhsin S. G. Al-Moziel1

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1470

Keywords:

Cyclophosphamide, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B12, Nephrotoxicity, Rats.

Abstract

Cyclophosphamide, a medication that is used for the treatment of different types of cancer; however its’ use

associated with numerous adverse effects. Vitamin B2 and vitamin B12 suggested having nephroprotective

effect. This work is designed to investigate the nephroprotective effect of both vitamins against

cyclophosphamide induced nephrotoxicity. One hundred adult rats of both sexes were used in this study.

The animals were randomly enrolled into ten groups of 10 rats each. On day eight, animals were sacrificed

and blood collected for the measurement of serum superoxide dismutase 1, glutathione peroxidase; and

kidney extracted for histological examination. Vitamin B2 and vitamin B12 significantly (P<0.05) increase

superoxide dismutase 1, glutathione peroxidase; and the combination of vitamins produce significant

(P<0.05) increase in superoxide dismutase 1 and glutathione peroxidase compared to the corresponding

levels in other groups; and improve histopathological changes compared to cyclophosphamide-treated

rats. In conclusion both vitamins may have nephroprotective effects against cyclophosphamide-induced

nephrotoxicity.

Author Biography

Waleed K. Ghanim1 , Nada N. Al-Shawi2 , Muhsin S. G. Al-Moziel1

1MSc. Researcher, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Basra,

Basra, Iraq, 2Prof. Dr.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Baghdad,

Baghdad, Iraq

Published

2020-07-24

How to Cite

Waleed K. Ghanim1 , Nada N. Al-Shawi2 , Muhsin S. G. Al-Moziel1. (2020). Effects of Two Different Doses of Vitamin B2 and a Single Dose of Vitamin B12 Against Cyclophosphamide Induced Nephrotoxicity. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 627-633. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1470