The Influence of Duration, History of Contact and BMI on the Incidents of Pulmonary TB in patients with DM

Authors

  • Sorimuda Sarumpaet1 , Evawany Aritonang2 , Syarifah

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1486

Keywords:

DM patients, duration of DM, contact history, BMI, incidents of lung TB.

Abstract

In the world 9.4 million people have been infected with TB disease and each year 1.7 million people die

(WHO, 2013). The risk of lung TB increased in patients with DM as a defect in immune cell function

and defence mechanism. In addition, it is also determined by the reduced leukocytes in patients with DM,

especially for those whose sugar levels are not controlled. The purpose of research is to analyze the duration

of DM, contact with TB and BMI on the occurrence of lung TB in patients with DM. Research conducted

at the Puskesmas Glugur Darat, Puskesmas Sering and Puskesmas Padang Bulan Selayang in Medan City

with a case-control study design. The population of the case is all patients DM with a lung TB recorded in

Puskesmas and control is all patients with DM without lung TB. Samples taken with consecutive those are

patients with DM who came to the puskesmas during the research until obtained 54 cases and 54 control.

Data is analyzed by chi-square test and OR measuring. The results showed that there was influence of

contact history of DM sufferers on the incidence of lung TB with OR = 4.38 (95% CI: 1.34-14.33) and BMI

with OR = 3.5 (95% CI: 1.52-8.06).

Author Biography

Sorimuda Sarumpaet1 , Evawany Aritonang2 , Syarifah

1 Senior Lecturer of Department of Epidemiology, 2Senior Lecturer of Department of Community Nutrition,

3 Senior Lecturer of Department of Health Education and Behavioural Sciences, Universitas Sumatera Utara,

Medan, North Sumatera, 20155, Indonesia

Published

2020-07-24

How to Cite

Sorimuda Sarumpaet1 , Evawany Aritonang2 , Syarifah. (2020). The Influence of Duration, History of Contact and BMI on the Incidents of Pulmonary TB in patients with DM. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 725-728. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1486