Evaluating the Concentration of Cotinine, Lead and Cadmium in Newborns with Respsiratory Distress Syndrome

Authors

  • Hiba Hussein Ali 1 , Ali Faris Hassan2 , Hayder Hussein Alzubaidi 3

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1550

Keywords:

Cadmium, cotinine, Heavy metals, Lead, Nicotine, Respiratory distress syndrome

Abstract

Background Respiratory distress syndrome is one of the most common problems of newborns. Respiratory

distress syndrome occurs when there is no enough surfactant in the lungs. Heavy metals are naturally

occurring elements that have a high atomic weight and a density at least 5 times greater than that of water.

Lead is a heavy metal, it is important environmental toxicant; the toxic effects of lead include many systems

in the body like central and peripheral nervous system. Cadmium is heavy metal that exerts toxic effects on

the kidney, the skeletal and the respiratory systems, and is classified as a human carcinogen. Nicotine, the

main alkaloid of tobacco. It is readily absorbed from tobacco smoke, and its concentration rises over 6-8

hours during the day in regular smokers. About 70 to 80% of nicotine is metabolized to cotinine. Methods

The study was carried out for 50 newborns divided in two groups: Group 1: 25 newborns with respiratory

distress syndrome. Group 2: 25 newborns without respiratory distress syndrome. Results According to

Demographic characteristics there are no significant differences when compered the age, gender, duration of

pregnancy and the age of the mothers of newborns with respiratory distress syndrome and normal newborns

(p<0.05). the whole blood lead and serum cotinine concentration in newborns with respiratory distress

syndrome was significantly higher compering with normal newborns (p<0.05). The whole blood cadmium

concentration in newborns with respiratory distress syndrome was not significantly different comparing with

normal newborns (p<0.05). Conclusions Newborns with respiratory distress syndrome have high serum

level of cotinine and whole blood lead when compared to healthy newborns.

Author Biography

Hiba Hussein Ali 1 , Ali Faris Hassan2 , Hayder Hussein Alzubaidi 3

1 Pharmacist. Department of Toxicology/ Medico Legal Directorate/Iraq, 2Lec. Dr. Departments of Pharmacology

and Toxicology / College of Pharmacy / University of Baghdad/Iraq, 3 F.I.C.M.S Pediatrician, Al-Elwayia Pediatric

Teaching Hospital/Iraq

Published

2020-07-24

How to Cite

Hiba Hussein Ali 1 , Ali Faris Hassan2 , Hayder Hussein Alzubaidi 3. (2020). Evaluating the Concentration of Cotinine, Lead and Cadmium in Newborns with Respsiratory Distress Syndrome. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 1105-1111. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1550