Assessment of Risk Factors of Lung Cancer Patients in Babylon Governorate ,Iraq

Authors

  • Ali Abdullah Jasim1, Basim Hussein Bahir 2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1557

Keywords:

Risk factors , Lung cancer, Radon exposure, Smoking in lung cancer

Abstract

Background: Lung cancer is one of the most common and serious types of cancer. Cigarette smoking is

the main cause of lung cancer.The aims of this study was therefore to assess the risk factors of lung cancer

patients in Babylon governorate including tobacco smoking , family history, and occupational exposures,

measurement of radon gas in the bed room of patients with lung cancer. Patients and Methods: A case –

control study was conducted in Babylon oncology center , Murjan medical city during the period from 8th

of may to 2nd of september 2019. This center received all lung cancer patients in Babylon governorate.

Results: The study showed that 43.3% of cases were in the age groups 60- 69 years. Males constitute 69.5

% of cases, seventy one percentage of cases were residing in a rural area. Smoking is the main risk factors

of lung cancer in 75.8% , the risk of lung cancer in current smoker is three times more than that of non

smoker .Those who had a family history of lung cancer constitute 8.3% ,of them 3.9% were first degree and

4.4% were second degree ,there was a significant association between lung cancer patients and first degree

family history with lung cancer .Those who had a family history of other cancer was 23.6 % .The risk factors

include radon exposure, asbestose, beryllium ,cadmium and diesel exposure were significant associated with

lung cancer . The radon value in (77) patients of lung cancer were within exceptable limit.Conclusion :

This study revealed that males, age group 60 and above, rural area and smoking is the main risk factors of

lung cancer in Babylon city.There is highly significant association between smoking habits and lung cancer

cases p-value<0.05.

Author Biography

Ali Abdullah Jasim1, Basim Hussein Bahir 2

1 Master Student, Master Of Community Health Technology, College of Health and Medical Technology Baghdad.2

PhD Community Medicine , Department of Community Health , College of Health and Medical Technology

Baghdad, Middle Technical University, Iraq

Published

2020-07-24

How to Cite

Ali Abdullah Jasim1, Basim Hussein Bahir 2. (2020). Assessment of Risk Factors of Lung Cancer Patients in Babylon Governorate ,Iraq. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 1154-1158. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1557