The Association of Raised Mid-trimester Serum Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (hCG) and Alpha-Fetoprotein with adverse Pregnancy Outcome

Authors

  • Marwa Hamood Jabir1 , Taghreed Salah Alquzwini2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1561

Keywords:

Mid-trimester; Serum Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin(hCG);Alpha-Fetoprotein; adversePregnancy Outcome

Abstract

Background: Placenta is a temporary endocrine organ formed during pregnancy, which produces hormones

important in the maintenance of a healthy pregnancy. hCG is the first one of these hormone that is measured

in pregnancy test and used in the follow up of adverse pregnancy outcome, Alpha fetoprotein is a major

plasma protein produced by the yolk sac and the fetal liver during fetal development.Aim of study :to study

relationship between gestational complications and levels of maternal serum HCG and AFP and determine

whether the semarkers are effective predictors adverse pregnancy outcomes. Patients & Methods:Prospective

cohorts study in AlDiwaniyah maternity and pediatrics teaching hospital.We enrolled a total of 230 women

at 14-23 gestational weeks and measurement of maternal serum HCG & AFP were done, of those with

normal HCG & AFP formed (group l), group 2 involved women with elevated AFP , group 3 with elevated

HCG & group 4 involved women with elevated both HCG & AFP.Follow up weekly of the patients for the

development of adversepregnancy outcome.Results: A significant relationship between adverse pregnancy

outcomes and abnormal elevation of HCG & AFP levels in the second trimester. In group 2 the patients

developed higher rate of preterm labour & pre-eclampsia compared with the group 1. In group 3 with raised

HCG the rate of pre-eclampsia & IUGR development were higher than group 1. In group 4 with elevated

both HCG & AFP higher incidence of pre-eclampsia & placental abruption , with a specificity(p<0.001).

Conclusion: In the second trimester unexplained high AFP and HCG rates related to adverse maternal and

perinatal outcomes.

Author Biography

Marwa Hamood Jabir1 , Taghreed Salah Alquzwini2

1M.B.ch.B/Women and Children General Hospital / Al-Dewaniya Health Bureau / Ministry of Health

2Alqadissiya University /Iraq

Published

2020-07-24

How to Cite

Marwa Hamood Jabir1 , Taghreed Salah Alquzwini2. (2020). The Association of Raised Mid-trimester Serum Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (hCG) and Alpha-Fetoprotein with adverse Pregnancy Outcome. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 1179-1184. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1561