Comparative Study between the Effect of Melatonin and Hyaluronic acid on Induced Bone Defect Healing in Rabbit

Authors

  • Rawaa Abdul-Jabbar Mahmood1 , Noor Abdulkareem Razouki

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1575

Keywords:

Melatonin, Hyaluronic acid, Bone, Rabbit

Abstract

This study was aimed to highlight the individual effects of melatonin (MEL) and hyaluronic acid (HA)

on bone healing and repair mechanism and to investigate a possible effect, for a topical application. New

Zealand rabbits used in this study were divided into three groups for two healing intervals the experimental

groups were: 1. Experimental groups (20 rabbits): all animals subjected to surgical operation in right tibia,

creating bone defect 3mm in depth and 4mm in diameter filled with 0.1ml. Hyaluronic acid gel and left

tibia bone defect filled with melatonin gel. 2. Control group (10 rabbits): induced bone defect on the right

side only. Animals’ scarifications were done in 2 weeks and 4 weeks’ durations. Routine processing and

sectioning technique was performed for histological evaluation. At the 2weeks healing interval, highest

mean value of all measured parameters were recorded at melatonin group while at 4 weeks, there is high

significant difference in all parameters; (p-value 0.000) among all control and experimental groups. A

significant number of positive effects of MEL, as well as HA, as individual compounds on the bone healing

regeneration.

Author Biography

Rawaa Abdul-Jabbar Mahmood1 , Noor Abdulkareem Razouki

1 Assist. Lecturer, B.D.S., M.Sc. Al-Rafidain University College, Iraq;

2 Assist. Lecturer, B.D.S., H.D.D., M.Sc., Al-Rafidain University College, Iraq

Published

2020-07-24

How to Cite

Rawaa Abdul-Jabbar Mahmood1 , Noor Abdulkareem Razouki. (2020). Comparative Study between the Effect of Melatonin and Hyaluronic acid on Induced Bone Defect Healing in Rabbit. Medico Legal Update, 20(3), 1271-1276. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v20i3.1575