Epidemiology of Burn Cases in Erbil Governorate
Keywords:immortal, inflicted, burn, injury, Erbil.
Background and Objectives: Management and prevention of burns are done through epidemiological
study. The mortality rate of burn injuries is seven times higher in the low income countries than the high
income countries. The aim of this research was to study the epidemiology of burn injury cases through
analysis of the cause, magnitude and profile of burn in Erbil governorate as a method for planning preventive
and management strategies.
Method: A retrospective study was conducted on 593 burn cases to assess the epidemiology of burn injury
cases in Erbil Governorate the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan Region from 2012 to the end of 2016. Descriptive
and inferential statistics were used through the Microsoft Excel Database and the Statistical Package for
Social Sciences (SPSS, Version 24). The P value of > 0.05 was considered as non-statistically significant.
The P value of ? 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. The P value of ? 0.01 was considered as
highly statistically significant.
Results: The total number of burn cases in Erbil governorate during the period 2012 to 2016 was 593 victims.
The mean (±SD) age of the studied cases was 26 ± 10.9 years ranging from one to 82 years. The highest
number 189 (31.9%) of registered burn cases was in 2013, while the lowest number 74 (12.5%) of cases
was in 2015. The female to male ratio of the burn victims was 2.1:1. More than half (56.7%) of them were
married, while the others (43.3%) were single. Husband and polygamy were the highest leading causes of
the burn cases in a way that each of the causes had formed 18.4% of the cases. The highest number (44.35%)
of the burn cases was among the age group 21 to 30 years. There was a significant correlation between the
marital status of the studied cases with the causes behind the burn injuries at p = 0.027 and highly significant
correlation of the marital status with the survival rates in. The correlation was highly significant between the
gender of the studied samples and the cause of the burns. There was no significant correlation between the
educational levels of the burn victims with the causes and the survival rates as well.