Changes of Some Environmental Factors in the Iraqi Coastal Waters
Keywords:environmental factors, Iraqi coastal waters.
Some environmental factors were studied in the areas near Umm Qasr Port and near Buoy 17 in addition
to the Basra oil port area. Where the monthly study was conducted on the changes occurring in the water
temperature, pH degree, salinity, conductivity, turbidity, light penetration, total suspended solids, total
dissolved materials and alkalinity were studied. The current study showed that the temperature values were
within their annual rates as they ranged from 14-34 °C, while the values of the acid function and alkalinity
were that within the ranges prevailing characteristic of Iraqi coastal waters, while conductivity recorded low
values during January in all study stations, also recorded low values of transparency for the first and second
stations (14-40 cm) compared to the third station that recorded higher values as 200-250 cm, while the
turbidity values in the third station decreased and high values were recorded in the first and second stations
and this is the case in the TSS and TDS values as well.