Determination the Causes of Neonatal Mortality during the Last 3 Years Ago in Al-Kut City
Keywords:Determination, Neonate, Morbidity, Al-Kut City.
Background: Nearly 3 million babies die each year in their first month of life and a similar number die at
birth. Notably, the first month of life of these children. That a quarter to half deaths occur in the first 24 hours
and that 75% of them occur in the first week. The study aims: determine the causes of neonatal mortality in
Methodology: A non-probability a convenience sample of (N=406) was collected through a review of
NCUS records which were selected out from the main hospitals. The data were collected from a retrospective
secondary data from death certificates, medical records and death records using the questionnaire deals
with neonate age, gender, birth weight, and cause of death. Data are analyzed through the application of
descriptive and inferential statistical data analysis approach that includes, frequencies and percentages; Chi
squared test. Results: The study results indicate that the (77.8%) of neonate aged less than five days and die.
Regarding gender, most of them were male and their weight 1000-2000. There were a significant association
between neonate age, and gender with the causes of their morbidity at p-value <0.05.
Conclusion: A less than five days of life male neonate weighted 1000-2000 kg die by respiratory distress
syndrome affected by age and their gender. Health care providers need to be trained on neonatal resuscitation.
All nurses and doctors involved in obstetrics and neonatal care should be trained in at least immediate care
of the newborn.