Psychometric Validation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) Adapted to Moroccan Teachers
Keywords:Psychometric, Validation, Maslach Burnout Inventory, Moroccan, Teachers
Introduction: The literature on burnout research shows that more than 90% have used the Maslach Burnout
Objective: The aim is to establish the psychometric properties in terms of reliability, sensitivity and validity
of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and to adapt it to the context of Moroccan teachers.
Method: This work was carried out through a process of translation and reverse translation of the
original instrument by adapting the elements to the teaching profession. To determine the psychometric
characteristics, we used Cronbach’s alpha to determine reliability, exploratory factor analysis to extract
factors and determine dimensionality, and confirmatory factor analysis to test the validity of the statistical
model. Validation of the instrument was carried out on a sample of 170 teachers working in public schools
in Ouezzane region (Morocco).
Results: Items 4, 5, 7, 9, 12, and 22 were relatively incoherent with respect to the other items, they were
eliminated. The factorial analysis made appear three factors whose are explain 58.22% of the total variance.
Cronbach’s ? for the whole questionnaire (0.761), for emotional exhaustion (0.819), depersonalization
(0.850) and sense of personal accomplishment (0.785). The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed
satisfactory adjustment indices (X2 = 164,938 - df = 101- CFI = .937 - TLI = .915 - RMSEA = .037- P
close = .984).
Conclusion: We propose to use Maslach’s Theoretical Model for the Moroccan Sample in Future Research
on the burnout of Moroccan teachers.
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