The Border–Non-Border Areas Disparities in Hospital Utilization in Kalimantan Island, Indonesia


  • Agung Dwi Laksono1, Ratna Dwi Wulandari2



Disparities, hospital utilization, border areas, inpatient-outpatient, Kalimantan


The border area is one area that needs government attention. The study was aimed at analyzing disparities
in hospital use in Kalimantan based on the border-non-border area category. The study was conducted using
data from the 2013 Indonesian Basic Health Survey. With the multi-stage cluster random sampling method,
69,043 respondents were obtained. In the final stage, a Multinomial Logistic Regression test was performed
to determine any disparities. The study results found that the utilization of inpatient at the hospital for those
living in the border area has a probability of utilization of 0.653 times compared to those who live in nonborder areas. Those who live in the border have a lower chance than those who live in non-border areas
of using inpatient hospital. The results of the study also found 8 other predictors that influence hospital
utilization among adults in Kalimantan Island, Indonesia. The eight predictors are the type of place of
residence, marital, education, work type, socioeconomic, health insurance, travel time, and transportation
cost. It could be concluded that there was a disparity in hospital utilization in the border–non-border areas
in Kalimantan Island, Indonesia. Those living in border areas have a lower likelihood of inpatient utilization
than those living in non-border areas.

Author Biography

Agung Dwi Laksono1, Ratna Dwi Wulandari2

Researcher, National Institute of Health Research and Development, Indonesian Ministry of Health, Jakarta,
Indonesia, 2
Lecturer, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia



How to Cite

Agung Dwi Laksono1, Ratna Dwi Wulandari2. (2021). The Border–Non-Border Areas Disparities in Hospital Utilization in Kalimantan Island, Indonesia. Medico Legal Update, 21(1), 29-34.