Assessment of Women’s Knowledge and Practices toward Family Planning at Maternity Hospitals in Baghdad City
Keywords:Knowledge, Practices, Family Planning Method, Women.
Family planning is the decision that couples make about if they want to have children, when, how many
children, and how they are spaced. Knowledge is necessary to make decisions and know how to avoid
conception. Some couple needs counseling because contraception has failed.
Objectives: To assess women’s knowledge and practices about family planning and find out the association
between women’s knowledge and practices with some study variables.
Method: Descriptive study was conducted from October 2019 to March 2020 at maternity hospitals in
Baghdad city. Non probability (purposive sample) was used to collect the data from (79) women who
attending outpatient clinics at maternity hospitals in Baghdad city. A questionnaire was designed by the
researcher. A pilot-test is conducted in order to determine the reliability of the questionnaire in a sample
of (20) women who were excluded from the study sample. Data was analyzed through the use of SPSS
Results: The results revealed that the highest percentage (49.4%) of women’s age was (30-39) years. More
than two third of them (69.6%) are graduated from college. The higher percentages (63.3) have knowledge
and (58.2%) used a family planning method. There are no statistical significant differences between women’s
knowledge and practice.
Conclusion: This study finds that the women have knowledge and used a family planning method, but there
are no significant differences between women’s knowledge and practices.
Recommendations: Based on study findings the source of knowledge from the internet and they choose a
type of family planning based on family and friends advice so the researcher recommend to activate the role
of health care professional especially doctors and nurses to provide scientific knowledge and counseling to
couples to choose the most appropriate method.
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