TMEM121 Protein Is a RegulatIon Factor in the Proliferation Activity of the Adrenocortical stem/Progenitor Cells

Authors

  • Mohammed Abdalmalek Ali Al-Bedhawi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i1.2371

Keywords:

Tmem121, proliferation, adrenocortical stem/progenitor cells, PCNA and Ki67

Abstract

Several studies have identified adrenocortical sub-population cells located in the capsule/sub-capsular area,
carrying the aspects of stem/progenitor cells. We previously recognized a novel protein (Tmem121) highly
expressed in in this sub capsular area and also highly co-localised with Ki67 in this area. The suggestion
of these previous studies was considered to clone and transfect Tmem121 into adrenocortical stem/
progenitor cells studying the proliferation changes in the transfected cells. Adrenocortical stem/progenitor
cells were isolated and cultivated in vitro. The cells were previously isolated and prepared for testing the
effect of Tmem121 after three months of in vitro cultivation. Specific primers were used to detect and
amplified the coding sequence of the TMEM121 using RT-PCR followed by cloning into pIRES2-ERFP
vector. Immunocytofluorescent tests were carried out to detect the forced expression of TMEM121 into
these cells. Real time PCR assays were followed with specific primers to detect the synchronization of
Tmem121 expression with two proliferation markers Ki67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA).
Immunocytofluorescent tests results showed a significant expression of TMEM121 into these cells. Real
time PCR results showed a significant increase in the expression of both proliferation markers Ki67 and
(PCNA). These results suggested a propagating effect of TMEM121 to the adrenocortical stem/progenitor
cells.

Author Biography

Mohammed Abdalmalek Ali Al-Bedhawi

Scholar researcher, Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Baghdad, Iraq

Published

2021-01-09

How to Cite

Mohammed Abdalmalek Ali Al-Bedhawi. (2021). TMEM121 Protein Is a RegulatIon Factor in the Proliferation Activity of the Adrenocortical stem/Progenitor Cells. Medico Legal Update, 21(1), 562-567. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i1.2371