Pattern of Head Injuries in Deaths Due to Two-Wheeler Road Traffic Accidents
Keywords:Head injury, road traffic accident, two-wheeler, skull fracture, intra cranial haemorrhage.
Background: In India, from the past two decades, along with urbanization, industrialization, population
explosion and migration of people, there has also been rapid growth in the field of road transportation. Cons
of this can be seen in the form of increased deaths due to RTA.
Method: We conducted a cross sectional studyin department of forensic medicine, Gandhi Medical College,
Hyderabad including all cases of accidental deaths due to two-wheeler, aged above 6 years between October
2014 to May 2016.
Results: Majority cases were in the age group of 21-30 years, 27 (25.7%) and males 89(84.8%). Majority
victims encountered accident due to skid 40(38.1%) and head on collision being common 50(47.6%). Linear
fracture of vault was found in almost half cases, 53(50.5%). Subdural and subarachnoid haemorrhage were
the most common one we encountered.
Conclusions: Males in productive age group encountered fatal RTA and also linear fracture, SDH and SAH
were common pattern of injury seen in them. Stringent laws and awareness have to be created to reduce the
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