Gender Differences in Life Satisfaction: The Moderation Role of Social Support among Older Persons
Keywords:Life Satisfaction; Older Persons; Social Support; Gender.
Introduction: Life satisfaction among older persons is one significant component of quality of life. However,
differences related to gender and moderation role of social support might affect life satisfaction. The purpose
of this study was to examine the moderation effect of perceived social support on the relationship between
gender and life satisfaction among older persons.
Method: A predictive-exploratory approach was used. Data collected from 966 persons at age of 60 years
or older using a structured interview format.
Results: In general, older persons had moderate to a high level of life satisfaction and perceived social
support. Perceived social support had a significant moderation effect on the relationship between gender and
life satisfaction (F 7,913= 52.37, p<.001; R2= .152).
Conclusion: Life satisfaction among older persons is influenced by social support indicating importance of
creating and enhancing the supportive system available to older persons.
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